FOODS ENRICHED WITH PHYTOSTEROLS
Phytosterols are plant compounds, structurally similar to cholesterol, which have shown their ability to lower LDL cholesterol levels. Mammals need to ingest them through the diet, and since the standard Western diet does not reach the optimum daily dosage, enriched foods are required. However, it is unknown whether an optimal intake of phytosterols reduces the risk of cardiovascular disease. In addition, its long-term safety and the effect caused by the lowering of plasma corotenoids has not been established, and, furthermore, there is controversy regarding its atherogenic potential.